The Tay people speak a language of the Central Tai language group, and live in northern Vietnam. They are sometimes also called Tho, T'o, Tai Tho, Ngan, Phen, Thu Lao, or Pa Di. There are about 1.5 million Tay people living in Vietnam. This makes them the second largest ethnic group in Vietnam after the majority Viet ethnic group. Most are in northern Vietnam. They inhabit the fertile plains and are generally agriculturalists, mainly cultivating rice. They also cultivate maize, and sweet potato among other things. Tay villages are usually based at the feet of mountains and are often named after a mountain, field or river. Each village has about 15-20 households. The Tay are closely related to the Nung and the Zhuang on the Chinese side of the Vietnamese-Chinese border. It is common for Tay woman to wear skirts or sarongs which go down to the knee, and are split up the right side with five buttons along the armpit and narrow sleeves. Tay songs include
Contributions by Neweco, Pwt898, and Kauffner.