Tel Aviv is the second most populous city in Israel, after Jerusalem, with a population of 410,000 and a land area of 52km2 (20sqmi). The city is located on the Israeli Mediterranean coastline in central-west Israel. It is the largest and most populous city in the Tel Aviv Metropolitan Area, home to 3,405,000 residents. The city is governed by the Tel Aviv-Yafo municipality, headed by Ron Huldai. Residents of Tel Aviv are referred to as Tel Avivim. As the United Nations and most countries do not recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, Tel Aviv is home to most foreign embassies. Tel Aviv was founded by the Jewish community on the outskirts of the ancient port city of Jaffa (Hebrew: Yafo; Arabic: Yf) in 1909. Jewish immigration meant that the growth of Tel Aviv soon outpaced Jaffa, which had a majority Arab population at the time. Tel Aviv and Jaffa were merged into a single municipality in 1950, two years after the establishment of the State of Israel.
Contributions by Gidonb, Jtdirl, and Leifern.