Temple University, commonly referred to as Temple, is a comprehensive public research university in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States. Originally founded in 1884 by Russell Conwell, Temple University is among the nation's largest providers of professional education (law, medicine, podiatry, pharmacy, dentistry, engineering, and architecture) and prepares the largest body of professional practitioners in Pennsylvania, offering over 300 academic degree programs at seven campuses and sites in Pennsylvania and its international campuses in Rome, Tokyo, Singapore and London. It is the 26th largest university in the United States with more than 37,000 undergraduate, graduate, and professional students. In the 2013 U.S. News & World Report's ranking of colleges and universities, Temple ranked as the 125th best 'national university'. Temple is one of Pennsylvania's state-related universities, institutions that receive state funds but are independently operated.
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