Tharu are an ethnic group indigenous to the Terai, the southern foothills of the Himalayas in Nepal and India. They are considered to be the direct discendents of the Gautama Buddha. Anthropologist Prof Dor Bahadur Bista, Balaram Gharti Magar and many scholars support the logic Suddhodhana being Tharu king of Kapilvastu, Lumbini-the birthplace of Buddha, Nepal. Archealogical findings have also been supporting that Tharu people were living in that area for quite long time. The Tharus are recognized as an official nationality by the Government of Nepal. The Tharu were famous for their ability to survive in the most malarial parts of the Terai that were deadly to outsiders. In 1902 a British observer noted, "Plainsmen and paharis generally die if they sleep in the Terai before November 1 or after June 1.", although others thought the Tharu weren't totally immune.
Contributions by BhagyaMani, Mattisse, and LADave.