Thuggee, also known as tuggee or simply thugs, were organized gangs of professional assassins who traveled in groups across India for several hundred years. They were first mentioned in around 1356. In the 1830s they were targeted by William Bentinck, along with his chief captain William Henry Sleeman, for eradication. They were seemingly destroyed by this effort. The thugs would join travellers and gain their confidence. This would allow them to then surprise and strangle them by tossing a handkerchief or noose around their necks. The killings were performed in honour of the goddess Kali and were very ritualistic.
Contributions by Andries, Mikedash, and Vastu.