The Toucouleurs are a Fula agricultural people who live primarily in West Africa: the north of Senegal (where they constitute 15% of the population) in the Senegal River valley, Mauritania, and Mali. The name Toucouleur has a debatable origin, with some sources stating it as a French creation meaning 'all colors', and other sources citing it as a term that predates colonialization meaning 'people from Tekrur', considering them the descendants of the Iron Age state of Takrur, which would make the present French form popular etymology. According to the oral traditions of the Toucouleurs and Serer people, the Tocouleurs claim descent to Serer and Fula ancestry. This tradition is supported by many scholars including Foltz and Phillips. A joking relationship exist to...'