Tulalip is a group of Native American peoples from western Washington state in the United States. Today they are federally recognized as the Tulalip Tribes of the Tulalip Reservation. Contemporary Tulalip are descended from several older indigenous peoples: the Snohomish, Snoqualmie, Skagit, Sauk-Suiattle, Samish, Stillaguamish, Duwamish, Sammamish and Skykomish; all these groups (with the exception of the Samish, who spoke Straits Salish) spoke a Salishan language called Lushootseed. Like many Northwest Coast natives, the Tulalip relied on fishing from local rivers and marine waters for food and built plank houses (longhouses) to protect themselves from the harsh, wet winters west of the Cascade Mountains.
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