Tyneside is a conurbation in North East England, defined by the Office of National Statistics, which is home to over 80% of the population of Tyne and Wear. It includes the city of Newcastle upon Tyne and the Metropolitan Boroughs of Gateshead, North Tyneside and South Tyneside all settlements on the banks of the River Tyne. The population of the conurbation was 879,996 according to the census of 2001, the 6th largest conurbation in the UK. The only large settlement in Tyne and Wear that is not part of the Tyneside conurbation is Sunderland which is on Wearside. The people of the Tyneside area are called 'Geordies' and are noted for their distinctive dialect and accent. Tynesiders may have been given this name, a local diminutive of the name 'George', because their miners used George Stephenson's safety lamp (called a 'Georgie lamp') to prevent firedamp explosions, rather than the Davy lamp used elsewhere.
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