The University of Manchester (informally Manchester University or Manchester) is a public research university located in Manchester, United Kingdom. It was formed in October 2004 by the merger of the Victoria University of Manchester (established in 1851) and the University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology (established in 1824). It is a member of the Russell Group of research-intensive British universities and the N8 Group and is regarded as a British 'red brick' university, its Victoria University predecessor having gained its royal charter in 1903. The main site of the university is in central Manchester and is home to most of its academic activities. The main residential campus is located in Fallowfield, around two miles south of the main site. There are other university buildings located throughout the city and the wider region, including One Central Park in Moston.