The University of North Texas (UNT) is a public research, liberal arts, fine arts, performing arts, and professional institution of higher learning based in Denton. Ten colleges, two schools, and an early admissions math and science academy for exceptional high-school-age students from across the state comprise the University. Its research is driven by nearly 50 doctoral degree programs. The original campus in Denton has an annual operating budget in excess of $336.5 million, of which $25.4 million is spent on research. Founded as a non-secular private teachers college in 1890 and adopted by the State in 1899, the university is the flagship of four institutions governed by University of North Texas System a system established in 2003 by the 78th Texas Legislature. In 2011, the Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board identified UNT as one of eight Emerging Research Institutions in its accountability system.