The University of Vienna is a public university located in Vienna, Austria. It was founded by Duke Rudolph IV in 1365 and is the oldest university in the German-speaking world. It is the largest university in Austria and one of the largest in Europe. The University was founded on March 12, 1365 by Rudolf IV, Duke of Austria, and his two brothers, Dukes Albert III and Leopold III, hence the additional name Alma Mater Rudolphina. After the Charles University in Prague and Jagiellonian University in Krakow, the University of Vienna is the third oldest university in Central Europe and the oldest university in the German-speaking world. In 1365, Rudolf IV sanctioned a deed of foundation for a doctoral-level university in Vienna, modelled on the University of Paris.
Contributions by Otheus, Elpato, and Cricketgirl.