Warren Gamaliel Harding (November 2, 1865 August 2, 1923) was the 29th President of the United States. A Republican from Ohio, Harding was an influential self-made newspaper publisher. He served in the Ohio Senate (-), as the 28th Lieutenant Governor of Ohio and as a U.S. Senator. He was also the first incumbent United States Senator and the first newspaper publisher to be elected President. His conservatism, affable manner, and make-no-enemies campaign strategy made Harding the compromise choice at the 1920 Republican National Convention. During his presidential campaign, in the aftermath of World War I, he promised a return of the nation to 'normalcy'. This 'America first' campaign encouraged industrialization and a strong economy independent of foreign influence. Harding departed from the progressive movement that had dominated Congress since President Theodore Roosevelt.
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