The White Earth Band of Ojibwe, or Gaa-waabaabiganikaag Anishinaabeg, is a Native American band located in northwestern Minnesota. The band's land-based home is the White Earth Indian Reservation. Historically, the Tribe was formed from the unification of Anishinaabe (Ojibwe) bands displaced by European-American settlement from the northern part of the state. It is one of six component bands of the federally recognized Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, formed after the 1934 Indian Reorganization Act, which encouraged Native tribes to form self-governments. On March 19, 1867, the US Congress established the White Earth Indian Reservation for the Mississippi Chippewa Indians in Minnesota, following ratification of a treaty between them and the United States.
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