Vaccinium myrtillus is a species of shrub with edible fruit of blue color, commonly called 'bilberry', 'whortleberry' or 'European blueberry'. It has much in common with the American blueberry (Vaccinium cyanococcus). It is more precisely called Common Bilberry or Blue Whortleberry, to distinguish it from other Vaccinium relatives. Regional names include blaeberry, hurtleberry, Huckleberry, winberry and fraughan. Vaccinium myrtillus is found natively in Europe, northern Asia, Greenland, Western Canada, and the Western United States. It occurs in the wild on heathlands and acidic soils. Its berry has been long consumed in the Old World. It is one of the wild origins and predecessors of the North American blueberry.
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