The Yaghan, also called Yagan, Yamana, Yamana, or Tequenica, are the indigenous peoples of the Southern Cone, who are regarded as the southernmost peoples in the world. Their traditional territory includes the islands south of Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego extending their presence into Cape Horn. They were known as Fuegians by the English speaking world, but the term is nowadays avoided as it can refer to any of the indigenous peoples of Tierra del Fuego. Some are reputed to still speak the Yaghan language, which is considered to be a language isolate; however, most speak Spanish. The Yaghan were traditionally nomads, who traveled by canoes between islands to collect food. The men hunted sea lions while the women dove to collect shellfish. According to Lucas Bridges, one of the few Europeans to speak Yaghan, the Yaghans' name for themselves was Yamana (meaning people).
Contributions by Physis, 220.127.116.11, and Dentren.