Yaounde is the capital of Cameroon and, with a population of approximately 2.5 million, the second largest city in the country after the port city Douala. It lies in the center of the nation at an elevation of about 750 metres (2,500 ft) above sea level. Yaound was founded in 1888 by German traders as a base for the ivory trade and as an agricultural research station. It was occupied by Belgian troops during World War I. After Germany's defeat, France became the colonial power in eastern Cameroon. Yaound consequently became the capital of French Cameroon, and continued as the capital of the Republic of Cameroon at independence. Major industries in Yaound include tobacco, dairy products, beer, clay, glass goods, and lumber. It is also a regional distribution center for coffee, cocoa, copra, sugar cane, and rubber. The city centre houses government offices, some hotels, and the central market.
Contributions by Borigue, Amcaja, and Dr. Blofeld.